Common Conditions

The doctors at Genstler Eye Center are well versed in treating the many common vision conditions our patients experience. These include glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, dry eyes, macular degeneration, cataracts, and more.

Eye Drops
Intense Pulse Light Therapy

Treatments may vary across common conditions, based on the severity of the, individual circumstance, lifestyle, and overall ocular health.


Glaucoma Treatment

More than 2 million Americans are believed to have some type of glaucoma – and half of them do not know it. People in the early stages of the disease rarely notice any symptoms, so it’s vitally important to be tested for glaucoma regularly. Most glaucoma patients have open-angle glaucoma, which begins with progressive loss of peripheral vision followed by central visual field loss. Although this condition cannot be cured, it can usually be controlled and early treatment may minimize vision loss. To control glaucoma, our doctors may prescribe one of a few different treatments such as surgery or medicine.

Non-surgical treatment options include glaucoma drops, or a minor procedure called Durysta where an intracameral implant is inserted into the eye which provides ongoing medication for up to one year. These options are not permanent and must be administered on a regular basis. Due to the maintenance involved with non-surgical options, we find surgery has become a first line of defense for glaucoma treatment. The most common procedures are laser surgery known as Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) to lower the pressure in the eye, an Omni procedure independent or in conjunction with cataract surgery (see our partner Omni) or an iStent in conjunction with cataract surgery (see our partner Glaukos.)

Diabetes (Diabetic Retinopathy)

Diabetes is a disease that affects blood vessels throughout the body, particularly vessels in the kidneys and eyes. Diabetic retinopathy results when the blood vessels in the eyes grow scar tissue and leak fluid or blood, impairing the retina’s ability to detect and transmit images. During the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, vision is typically not affected. However, when retinopathy becomes advanced, vision tends to become hazy and occasionally results in a complete loss of vision. Diabetes can also lead to glaucoma and cataracts. In addition, diabetes can trigger retinal detachment, which can result in blindness if left untreated. Regular eye exams are crucial in preventing and treating diabetic retinopathy.

Background diabetic retinopathy is an early sign of damage to the retina at the back of the eye, where blood vessels begin to weaken and leak. The leakage causes accumulations of yellowish proteins and fatty substances.

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    Dry Eyes

    Our eyes constantly produce tears to create moisture. As we age, we experience hormonal changes, or encounter certain diseases. This can have an impact on our eye health. When the eye doesn’t produce enough or the right kind of tears, dry eye may occur and can affect your comfort and vision. Fortunately, there are many treatments available depending upon the type of dry eye experienced.

    Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) Therapy

    When dry eye occurs due to a blockage in the meibomian glands or rosacea, Intense Pulsed Light therapy may be right for you. IPL is a non-invasive light therapy–no lasers required. Patients experience a gentle pressure as a light is shone on the area directly surrounding the eye, and has the added benefit of improved complexion! This treatment takes place across five, 10-15 minute sessions each spread about three weeks apart with the potential for maintenance treatments down the line. 


    Genstler Eye Center is pleased to offer our patients PROKERA®, a new treatment for chronic Dry Eye that heals the surface of your eye (cornea) and returns your eye to a normal, healthy state. PROKERA is a simple procedure and is easily inserted and removed in our office. Once removed your cornea is rejuvenated so you can see and feel better. In a recent patient survey, 93% of patients with Dry Eye said they felt better after treatment with PROKERA. PROKERA is similar to a contact lens and is made of amniotic tissue, which is known for its natural therapeutic actions and heals your eye faster with less pain, scarring, and inflammation. The amniotic tissue used in PROKERA is provided by  tissue bank regulated by the FDA and has passed numerous quality control tests making it safe and effective. Clinical studies have shown PROKERA reduces the signs and symptoms of Dry Eye, and helps soothe pain, heal the eye, and improve vision. PROKERA is the only U.S. Food and Drug Administration(FDA)-cleared therapeutic device that reduces inflammation and promotes healing. For more information learn more here. Play the video below to watch a special message from PROKERA.

    Macular Degeneration

    Macular degeneration affects cells in the macula – the part of the retina responsible for central vision – which impairs your ability to read, drive and recognize people. Although macular degeneration leaves peripheral vision unaffected, the disease can be quite debilitating in its advanced stage. The primary cause of macular degeneration is not known. Age Related Macular Degeneration, often called AMD or ARMD, is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness among Americans who are 65 and older. There is no cure for macular degeneration yet. However, there are some treatments that delay the progression and possibly even improve vision. The doctors at Genstler Eye Center can provide testing and examinations to monitor and treat the disease.

    Our mission is to provide our patients and the community with personalized, high-quality and compassionate eye care in a friendly, comfortable environment.

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